Jerusalem: Jewish and Muslim Claims to the Holy City

Development of the City and its Chief Monuments I. This tradition is confirmed by the cuneiform tablets discovered in at Tell Amarna, in Egypt see below, under III. Five of these letters, written at Jerusalem about the year B. It figures in Assyrian inscriptions under the name of Ur-sa-li-im-mu. According to the Assyrian syllabaries, uru and ur signify “city” Hebrew ir. In several of the Tell Armana Tablets the word salim is used in the sense of “peace”. Ursalim, therefore, means “City of Peace”. The Psalmist, too, connects Salem with Sion:

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Clicking on a yellow square will jump to the selected point in this page or other web pages. Hezekiah King B. Among other works, he constructed a tunnel from the Gihon spring to the Shiloah Siloam pool, blocking the old Canaanite watercourse in order to prevent the waters of the Gihon to be used by the enemy. The Bible recorded the historical events leading to the construction of the tunnel, which gave it the common name “Hezekiah tunnel”.

So there was gathered much people together, who stopped all the fountains, and the brook that ran through the midst of the land, saying, Why should the kings of Assyria come, and find much water?

The earliest evidence of the arrival of eggplants Israel has come to light in the City of David: A 1,year-old refuse pit found durinf excavations in the Jerusalem reveals dietary habits in .

According to a Midrash , the name is a combination of Yhwh Yir’eh “God will see to it”, the name given by Abraham to the place where he began to sacrifice his son and the town ” Shalem “. The mountains of Judah belong to him, to the God of Jerusalem”. In Greek and Latin the city’s name was transliterated Hierosolyma Greek: Other early Hebrew sources, [68] early Christian renderings of the verse [69] and targumim , [70] however, put Salem in Northern Israel near Shechem or Sichem , now Nablus , a city of some importance in early sacred Hebrew writing.

History of Jerusalem Given the city’s central position in both Jewish nationalism Zionism and Palestinian nationalism , the selectivity required to summarize some 5, years of inhabited history is often influenced by ideological bias or background see Historiography and nationalism. Overview of Jerusalem’s historical periods Further information: Timeline of Jerusalem Age Any city, Jerusalem included, can be defined either in current administrative terms, as the area declared by legal means to be part of a municipality; or in historical terms, as the city which resulted from a process of urban development, united into one entity by a common territory, history and by virtue of its natural and social characteristics.

This spreads to any related issue, such as defining the age of the city.

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Jerusalem was settled before the time of David dating back into the 14th chapter of Genesis where Melchizedek is the king of the city called Salem. David conquered the city of Jebus, the Jebusite city and made it the capital of Israel. Here are the guard towers that would have been built to protect the water source called the Gihon Springs. Carl Rasmussen discuss the remains of the towers at the Gihon Springs.

You will see the remains of the towers that are seen in the picture above.

The Vatican at Night with the Sliver of the New Moon. The Vatican Seeks to Reclaim its Own – “The Vatican Wants Jerusalem” As Study in the Israeli-Vatican Diplomatic Relations that will Lead to the Prophetic Fulfillment of.

King Solomon builds the First Temple. Solomon dies, and the Golden Age of Israel ends. Jerusalem becomes the capital of the southern Kingdom of Judah led by Rehoboam after the split of the United Monarchy. Possibly the same as Shishak , the first Pharaoh mentioned in the Bible who captured and pillaged Jerusalem see Bubastite Portal. Jerusalem is sacked by Philistines , Arabs and Ethiopians , who looted King Jehoram’s house, and carried off all of his family except for his youngest son Jehoahaz.

Hazael of Aram Damascus conquers most of Canaan. According to the Bible, Jehoash of Judah gave all of Jerusalem’s treasures as a tribute, but Hazael proceeded to destroy “all the princes of the people” in the city. Jehoash of Israel sacks the city, destroys the walls and takes Amaziah of Judah prisoner.

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He has always been there for us in our time of need speaking out with courage and compassion. Mike Evans is a true ambassador of Jerusalem, representing millions of Christians in America. Please know how thankful we are for you as well as for the privilege of your friendship and fellowship. You are loved and esteemed in His life and the partnership in ministry for the Kingdom we so richly enjoy.

He salutes your achievements and wishes you continued success. If there is any evangelical leader in America who understands the dilemma facing the city of Jerusalem and is knowledgeable on how to mobilize praying, God-fearing Americans to do something about it, it is Mike Evans.

The Old Yishuv (Hebrew: היישוב הישן ‎, ha-Yishuv ha-Yashan) were the Jewish communities of the southern Syrian provinces in the Ottoman period, up to the onset of Zionist aliyah and the consolidation of the New Yishuv by the end of World War I. As opposed to the later Zionist aliyah and the New Yishuv, which came into being with the First Aliyah (of ) and was more based on a.

The Via Dolorosa pilgrimage is followed by Christians of many denominations, but especially Catholics and Orthodox. Originally, Byzantine pilgrims followed a similar path to the one taken today, but did not stop along the way. Over the centuries, the route has changed several times. By the 8th century, the route had changed: The Middle Ages saw two rival routes, based on a split in the Latin Church: From the 14th to 16th centuries, pilgrims followed the Franciscan route, which began at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre and included eight stations.

Around this time, the tradition of 14 Stations of the Cross was developing in Europe. To avoid disappointing European pilgrims, the difference was made up with the addition of six more stations.

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Want to use this map on your web site? Copy and Paste the code below: The Citadel, popularly known as the Tower of David, actually has no connection with David, having been erected by King Herod to protect the palace he built in approximately 24 BC.

Jerusalem, the capital of the State of Israel, is home to many of the country’s government institutions including the Knesset, the President’s residence and Prime Minister’s Office, the Supreme.

Archaeological Sites in Jerusalem: Hundreds of tombs, elaborate and simple, were hewn into the slopes of the hills surrounding the city, mainly on the Mount of Olives and Mount Scopus. The burial caves were in continuous use for several generations by members of the same family. Simple tombs have a narrow opening, sealed with a square stone.

Several dozen particularly large tombs have splendid facades, decorated with columns topped by gables with floral motifs. In primary burial, bodies were placed in niches kuhim or on benches arcosolia cut into the walls of the burial chambers. The most typical feature of the Jewish tombs of that period are the stone chests with lids ossuaries. Thousands of these have been found in Jerusalem, some decorated and bearing inscriptions. They attest to the prevalent practice of collecting the bones of the deceased for secondary burial, a custom based on the Jewish belief in the resurrection of the dead.

Following are descriptions of some of the more important tombs. There are three famous tombs in the Kidron Valley:

Jerusalem (Before A.D. 71)

What are the spiritual, historical and political claims — from both sides? While the media bombards us with constant reports of violence in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, there is no doubt that the epicenter of the conflict lies in Jerusalem and more specifically on the Temple Mount in the Old City. Yasser Arafat constantly repeats that there can be no peace without Jerusalem as the capital of Palestine and total Muslim sovereignty over the Temple Mount.

Indeed, the last Camp David Summit floundered over Arafat’s uncompromising position on the issue of controlling the site.

History. Solomon’s Temple (also known as the First Temple) was, according to the Torah and the Bible, the first Jewish temple in Jerusalem. It functioned as a religious focal point for worship and the sacrifices known as the korbanot in ancient Judaism.

Pre-Israelite city[ edit ] The city of Jerusalem has been surrounded by walls for its defense since ancient times. In the Middle Bronze Age , a period also known in biblical terms as the era of the Patriarchs , a city named Jebus was built on the southeastern hill of Jerusalem, relatively small 50, square meters but well fortified. Remains of its walls are located above the Siloam Tunnel. Supporting his case, every non-biblical mention of Jerusalem found in the ancient Near East refers to the city as ‘Jerusalem’.

His city was still located on the low southeastern hill, outside today’s Old City area. Solomon , David’s son, built the First Temple on the hilltop rising right above the city he had inherited, the Temple Mount , and then extended the city walls in order to protect the temple. During the First Temple period the city walls were extended to include the northwest hill as well, i. During the Second Temple period, especially during the Hasmonean period, the city walls were expanded and renovated, constituting what Josephus calls the First Wall.

Some remains of this wall are located today near the Mandelbaum Gate gas station. Jerusalem would remain in ruins for some six decades and without protective walls for over two centuries. The pagan Roman city, Aelia Capitolina , which was built after by Emperor Hadrian , was at first left without protective walls. After some two centuries without walls, a new set was erected around the city, probably during the reign of Emperor Diocletian , sometime between and the turn of the century.

The walls were extensively renewed by the Empress Aelia Eudocia during her banishment to Jerusalem — Middle Ages[ edit ] Damascus gate with its crenelations In , most of the walls constructed by Eudocia were destroyed by an earthquake.

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